Gothic dating Ocate New Mexico

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II. SIR: When Major Macomb, of the Topographical Engineers now colonel of engineersmade his report of an important exploration in New Mexico, inhe was unable to furnish the report on the geology of that region, owing to the fact that Dr. Newberry, the geologist who accompanied him, was then actively employed in his duties on the Sanitary Commission in the West.

Colonel Macomb has recently transmitted to this Office Dr. Newberry's report, with its twenty-two illustrations; and I have respectfully to recommend that it be printed at the Government Printing-Office, and that 1, copies be furnished for the use of the Engineer Department upon the usual requisition; also, that this Office be authorized to procure the necessary copies of the illustrations.

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Very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. Approved: By order of the Secretary of War: H. JUNE 28, IV. Report of November 1, Report of November 27, Bird's-eye view of the Colorado plateau and its surroundings-Mountain-chains by which the plateau is encircledRocky Mountain system-Its extent and general structure-Different features which it presents on different parallels-Different ranges of the Rocky Mountains, probably not of the same age-Rocky Mountain region has suffered v.

Plate I. Abiquiu Peak, looking westerly Near Vado del Chama, upper cretaceous mesa La Piedra Parada, looking west. The Pagosa and San Juan River, looking easterly. Rio Dolores and Sierra de la Plata. From near Camp Casa Colorado and La Sal Mountains, looking northerly, Head of Labyrinth Creek, looking so utheasterly. Head of Canon Colorado. Erosion of Triassic series Lower San Juan, looking west.

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The Needles, looking southwesterly The Cabazon, from near Camp Colorado —— Meek and Dr. Newberry, geologist of the San Juan exploration party, which went from Santa F6, New Mexico, to the vicinity of the junction of Grand and Green Rivers, in Utah, and back to Santa Fe, in the summer ofand which party was in my charge. This is the report to which I alluded in my report to you of November 1,as setting forth whatever the route above mentioned afforded of interest to the public at large or to the man of science.

I trust it may be found possible to publish it. The report is arranged in seven chapters, with a prefatory note, and is accompanied by the following sketches and drawings, viz: Eleven water-color sketches, showing characteristic scenery of the region in Northwestern New Mexico, Southwestern Colorado, and Southeastern Utah.

Also, eleven drawings eight of fossils and three of sceneryall of which are interesting and important in connection with the report.

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My map of the route was engraved on a steel plate, and is on the files of the Engineer Department. I remain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, J. 2. 4. SIR: For the information of the War Department, I beg leave to submit the following remarks upon the exploration made by me, during the summer ofin New Mexico and Utah.

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About the middle of July,my party set out from Santa Fe, New Mexico, and pursued a northwesterly course, crossing the Rio Grande Bravo del Norte at the old Indian pueblo of San Juan, and following up the valley of the Rio Chama, passing by the pueblo of Abiquiu, the outpost of settlement in that direction, being about fifty-two miles from Santa Fe. We continued up the Chama Valley for some forty-five miles more, when we left it and crossed the dividing ridge between the. We looked down through its limpid waters until the power of vision was lost in the cavernous depths whence the waters flow.

From this point our route was westerly for about seventy miles, over a region very much broken and intersected by rapid mountain streams branches of the San Juanwhich afford an abundant supply of good water and have the appearance of being permanent. We had frequent rains, however, in this part of our route, and the grazing was thus far excellent.

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Up to a point about forty-five miles westward from the "Pagosa," or great hot spring above alluded to, we were accompanied by Mr. Albert H. Pfeiffer, sub-agent for the Utah Indians, and his interpreter, Neponocino Valdez, to both of whom we are indebted for acts of hospitality and for facilitating our passage through the country of the Capotes and other bands of the Utah Indians, in whose vicinity our route happened to lead us.

The greater part of our journey from Abiquiu to this point was. This trail is much talked of as having been the route of commerce between California and New Mexico in the days of the old Spanish rule, but it seems to have been superseded by the routes to the north and south of it, which have been opened by modern enterprise.

At the "Ojo Verde" the Spanish trail strikes off more northwardly, to seek a practicable crossing of Grand and Green Rivers. We left the trail here, and, leaving the main body of our party encamped at the spring, with a small party of nine, went to the westward some thirty miles, under the guidance of an Indian, who had ed us many days ly, on our route to look for the junction of the Grand and Green Rivers. This part of our journey was very rough and dangerous, from the precipitous nature of the route, winding down the sides of deep and grand canions, and it is fortunate that no attempt was made to bring forward our pack-train, as we must have lost manLy mules by it, and, moreover, there was not sufficient pasture for the few animals that we had with us.

I doubt not there are repetitions and varieties of it for hundreds of miles down the canon of the Great Colorado, for I have heard of but one crossing of that river above the vicinity of the Mojave villages, and I have reason to doubt if that one El Vado de los Padres is practicable, except with the utmost care, even for a pack-mule. We found bottom-land of the river at this point of a light and loose soil, into which the feet of the mules would frequently sink for some 18 inches. We followed up the river, remaining on its right bank for some one hundred and twenty miles, until we came opposite to the mouth of Canon Largo, in latitude 43' 28" and longitude 43' 29".

In the course of our march we observed many ruins of houses and found quantities of fragments of pottery scattered over the ground, indicating that the valley was once occupied by a race probably of the same origin and character as the Pueblo Indians extant Gothic dating Ocate New Mexico New Mexico. The fate of those former occupants of that dreary region is involved in mystery.

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It requires, however, no effort of the imagination to fancy that they may have been starved or frozen to death; for the winters are severe and fuel is very scarce there. I have no doubt that the warm season is very short there, otherwise more of the valley of the San Juan would be cultivated by the Navajos, who are a corn-growing people, for the river affords abundant water for irrigation, and carries soil enough to enrich and renew the fields. On the 15th September,we forded the San Juan, opposite Canon Largo, with no little danger, the strong current and deep water sweeping down some of the mules, which were recovered with difficulty.

We were fortunate in passing through Canon Largo just after heavy rains, as I learned afterward that the command of Major Simonson, which passed through the canon in July, had suffered much for the want of water. There is one fine spring in the canon, about thirty-five miles from San Juan, but Gothic dating Ocate New Mexico other.

From the last-named water we followed down the valley of the Puerco a branch of the Rio del Norte for about forty miles, when we crossed the southern spur of the Nacimiento Mountain and came to the old plue14o of Jernez, about fifty-six miles to the west by south from Santa Fe. The route has been passed over by wagons from Santa Fe to a point a short distance to the westward of Jemnez, and also from Santa Fe to the upper valley of the Chama, a short distance above Ab iquiu, but on the remainder of the route passed over by mny party there is no evidence of a wagon having ever been seen, and a suitable road for wagons could only bce ma le at a heavy cost for construction, and it would doubtless meet with much opposition on the part of the Navajos and Utahs, whose country it would pass through.

During the expedition my time was taken up with the astronomical observations requisite for laying down the route. In these observations I was assisted by Mr. Fisher, who noted the time and kept the record for me with accuracy andl neatness. Fisher also carried a barometer throughout the march. All computations required for the astronomical observations were necessarily made by nyself. Dimmock made an excellent sketch of the route, which le has drawn in one large map upon a scale of half an inch to the mile.

This map I have tested by the of my astronomical observations and computations with very great satisfaction. Dorsey and Vail carried barometers and thermometers, and kept daily records of the indications of those iistruments, chiefly from the readings of Mr. Dorsey also assisted the geologist in making some of the collections of natural history specimens. Newberry, the geologist of the expedition, was particularly zealous and energetic in his examinations of the country, and I expect from him a report setting forth whatever there may be of interest in the route either to the public at large or to the man of science.

I am now engaged, under your direction, in preparing for publication, upon a scale suitable for ordinary use, a map of the region visited by my party, which will exhibit with all requisite minuteness and accuracy of detail the features of the country, covering an area of some twelve thousand square miles, which has heretofore been indicated upon the maps under the head of "unexplored. Cogswell, of the Eighth Regiment, to whom we are indebted for our safe escort through a wild and inhospitable tract of country, partly occupied by hostile and treacherous Indians.

I was directed, on my return to Santa Fd, to reduce my party and come in to Washington to prepare my report, and, on my way, to stop at the southwest corner of the Territory of Kansas, to set up a new monument at a point some two and a quarter miles to the east of the one originally placed there. I was accompanied to this position by a small detachment of troops under thecommand of Lieut. Enos, of the regiment of mounted riflemen, to whose vigilance I am indebted for a safe transit to Fort Leavenworth, at a time when the Indians of the great plains had manifested the most decided determination to be troublesome.

Engineers, in charge of Office of Explorations and Surveys. COLONEL: At the time of making my last annual report I was engaged in the preparation of a map of the region visited by the party which I conducted in the summer of The map was finished, and is now in the hands of an engraver, who promises to give me the finished plate by the month of March next. Newberry, and I hoped to have had it in my possession to send in for publication with the annual report from the Bureau of Topographical Engineers, but, owing to the delay in finishing some of the drawings for illustrating the report, and to the fact that the geologist Ihas for some months been actively employed with the duties of the "sanitary commission" in the West, I am not yet in the receipt of his.

I hope, however, that they will all be rendered to me before the close of the session of Congress now about to commence. All of which is respectfully submitted by your obedient servant, J. McClellan, and Major Top'l Engineers. The following report was prepared for publication at the time indicated by the date of my letter to Captain now Colonel Macomb, but the breaking out of the rebellion arrested the publication of all the reports of surveys made by the Government expeditions immediately to this event. The reports of the surveys made by Lieutenant now General G.

Raynolds, the report of the Northwestern Boundary Gothic dating Ocate New Mexico, and some others, were in this category, and much most valuable information in regard to the far West has been lost to the country and the world by the suppression of these important documents.

As attention is now again drawn to the region bordering the San Juan and Upper Colorado, and several parties are occupied in exploring adjacent districts, the of the explorations made by the San Juan Exploring Expedition have acquired an importance in this connection Gothic dating Ocate New Mexico has rendered their publication desirable. They are therefore now given to the public. Although much has been learned in regard to the geology of the country drained by the Colorado River during the last ten years, and much that has a bearing on the subject-matter of this report, none of this latelyacquired knowledge is referred to on its s, but they are printed precisely as written in This course has been pursued as the only just and natural one.

The observations made fifteen years ago, if accurately made, have equal value now as then; if inaccurate, it is only right that the credit of the correction of errors should belong to those who make such corrections.

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The geological narrative now given stands, therefore, just as written, and is a fair exponent of the state of our geographical and geological knowledge of the West at the date of its preparation. It is evident that to modify the report so as to conform to all the conclusions more recently reached, would be to falsify the record and greatly impair the independence and value of the statements it includes.

The truth or error of these statements will soon be demonstrated by the extension of the explorations of other parties into this field. It is but just that the credit or discredit of the trial to which the report is to be subjected should belong to the writer. Knowing that his work was done honestly, and believing that it was in the main accurately done, he accepts the entire responsibility of it, whether for praise or blame. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J.

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